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ck_rwcohort(3)           BSD Library Functions Manual           ck_rwcohort(3)

NAME
     ck_rwcohort -- generalized interface for reader-writer locks using cohort
     locks

LIBRARY
     Concurrency Kit (libck, -lck)

SYNOPSIS
     #include <ck_rwcohort.h>
     In each of the following macros, "STRATEGY" should be replaced with
     either "NEUTRAL", "RP", or "WP" depending on which locking strategy the
     user prefers.  RP and WP represent reader preference and writer prefer-
     ence, respectively, while NEUTRAL represents a strategy neutral to reads
     vs. writes.

     CK_RWCOHORT_STRATEGY_PROTOTYPE(COHORT_NAME cohort_name);

     CK_RWCOHORT_STRATEGY_NAME(COHORT_NAME cohort_name);

     CK_RWCOHORT_STRATEGY_INSTANCE(COHORT_NAME cohort_name);

     CK_RWCOHORT_STRATEGY_INIT(COHORT_NAME cohort_name, RWCOHORT lock,
         unsigned int wait_limit);
     Note: the wait_limit argument should be omitted for locks using the neu-
     tral strategy

     CK_RWCOHORT_STRATEGY_READ_LOCK(COHORT_NAME cohort_name, RWCOHORT lock,
         COHORT cohort, void *global_context, void *local_context);

     CK_RWCOHORT_STRATEGY_READ_UNLOCK(COHORT_NAME cohort_name, RWCOHORT lock,
         COHORT cohort, void *global_context, void *local_context);

     CK_RWCOHORT_STRATEGY_WRITE_LOCK(COHORT_NAME cohort_name, RWCOHORT lock,
         COHORT cohort, void *global_context, void *local_context);

     CK_RWCOHORT_STRATEGY_WRITE_UNLOCK(COHORT_NAME cohort_name, RWCOHORT lock,
         COHORT cohort, void *global_context, void *local_context);

     Arguments of type RWCOHORT must be pointers to structs defined using the
     CK_RWCOHORT_STRATEGY_PROTOTYPE(3) macro with the same strategy and cohort
     name as the current call.

     Arguments of type COHORT must be pointers to structs defined using the
     CK_COHORT_PROTOTYPE(3) macro.

DESCRIPTION
     ck_rwcohort.h provides an interface for defining reader-writer locks that
     use cohort locks internally to increase performance on NUMA architec-
     tures.  See ck_cohort(3) for more information about cohort locks.

     Before using a reader-writer cohort lock, the user must define a cohort
     type using either the CK_COHORT_PROTOTYPE(3) or the
     CK_COHORT_TRYLOCK_PROTOTYPE(3) macros, and define a reader-writer lock
     type using the CK_RWCOHORT_PROTOTYPE(3) macro.

EXAMPLE
           #include <stdlib.h>
           #include <pthread.h>

           #include <ck_pr.h>
           #include <ck_cohort.h>
           #include <ck_rwcohort.h>
           #include <ck_spinlock.h>

           /* Create cohort methods with signatures that match the required signature */

           static void
           ck_spinlock_lock_with_context(ck_spinlock_t *lock, void *context)
           {
                   (void)context;
                   ck_spinlock_lock(lock);
                   return;
           }

           static void
           ck_spinlock_unlock_with_context(ck_spinlock_t *lock, void *context)
           {
                   (void)context;
                   ck_spinlock_unlock(lock);
                   return;
           }

           static bool
           ck_spinlock_locked_with_context(ck_spinlock_t *lock, void *context)
           {
                   (void)context;
                   return ck_spinlock_locked(lock);
           }

           /*
            * define a cohort type named "test_cohort" that will use
            * the above methods for both its global and local locks
            */
           CK_COHORT_PROTOTYPE(test_cohort,
                   ck_spinlock_lock_with_context, ck_spinlock_unlock_with_context, ck_spinlock_locked_with_context,
                   ck_spinlock_lock_with_context, ck_spinlock_unlock_with_context, ck_spinlock_locked_with_context)

           /* define a reader-writer type using the same cohort type */
           CK_RWCOHORT_WP_PROTOTYPE(test_cohort)

           static ck_spinlock_t global_lock = CK_SPINLOCK_INITIALIZER;
           static CK_COHORT_INSTANCE(test_cohort) *cohorts;
           static CK_RWCOHORT_WP_INSTANCE(test_cohort) rw_cohort = CK_RWCOHORT_WP_INITIALIZER;
           static unsigned int ready;

           static void *
           function(void *context)
           {
                   CK_COHORT_INSTANCE(test_cohort) *cohort = context;

                   while (ck_pr_load_uint(&ready) == 0);

                   while (ck_pr_load_uint(&ready) > 0) {
                           /*
                            * acquire the cohort lock before performing critical section.
                            * note that we pass NULL for both the global and local context
                            * arguments because neither the lock nor unlock functions
                            * will use them.
                            */
                           CK_COHORT_LOCK(test_cohort, cohort, NULL, NULL);

                           /* perform critical section */

                           /* relinquish cohort lock */
                           CK_COHORT_UNLOCK(test_cohort, cohort, NULL, NULL);
                   }

                   return NULL;
           }

           int
           main(void)
           {
                   unsigned int nthr = 4;
                   unsigned int n_cohorts = 2;
                   unsigned int i;

                   /* allocate 2 cohorts of the defined type */
                   CK_COHORT_INSTANCE(test_cohort) *cohorts =
                       calloc(n_cohorts, sizeof(CK_COHORT_INSTANCE(test_cohort)));

                   /* create local locks to use with each cohort */
                   ck_spinlock_t *local_locks =
                           calloc(n_cohorts, sizeof(ck_spinlock_t));

                   pthread_t *threads =
                           calloc(nthr, sizeof(pthread_t));

                   /* initialize each of the cohorts before using them */
                   for (i = 0 ; i < n_cohorts ; ++i) {
                           CK_COHORT_INIT(test_cohort, cohorts + i, &global_lock, local_locks + i,
                                   CK_COHORT_DEFAULT_LOCAL_PASS_LIMIT);
                   }

                   /* start each thread and assign cohorts equally */
                   for (i = 0 ; i < nthr ; ++i) {
                           pthread_create(threads + i, NULL, function, cohorts + (i % n_cohorts));
                   }

                   ck_pr_store_uint(&ready, 1);
                   sleep(10);
                   ck_pr_store_uint(&ready, 0);

                   for (i = 0 ; i < nthr ; ++i) {
                           pthread_join(threads[i], NULL);
                   }

                   return 0;
           }

SEE ALSO
     CK_COHORT_PROTOTYPE(3), CK_COHORT_TRYLOCK_PROTOTYPE(3),
     CK_COHORT_INSTANCE(3), CK_COHORT_INITIALIZER(3), CK_COHORT_INIT(3),
     CK_COHORT_LOCK(3), CK_COHORT_UNLOCK(3), CK_COHORT_LOCKED(3),
     CK_COHORT_TRYLOCK(3),

     Additional information available at http://concurrencykit.org/

                                April 23, 2013.